Breeds from early March to late August. Young are born with hair, grow rapidly and are weaned within 30 days. Preyed upon by lynx, bobcats, coyotes, foxes, weasels, some hawks, and great horned owls.
Rarely venture from forest cover except to feed in forest openings. Docile except during the breeding season when they chase each other, drum on the ground with the hind foot, leap into the air, and occasionally battle. Mostly nocturnal; their presence in winter is only advertised by their abundant tracks in snow.
Large hind feet enable easy travel on snow; white winter coat offers camouflage; gray summer coat. Transition in seasonal fur color takes about 70–90 days; seems to be triggered in part by day length.
14-20 inches (0.3-0.5 m)
3-4 pounds (1.3-1.8 kg)
Less than a year
Found particularly in coniferous forests with dense understory of shrubs, riparian areas with many willows, or low areas in spruce-fir cover.
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