The mule deer, also called blacktail deer, is an exclusively western species commonly seen in open-brush country throughout the western states. Often confused with the white-tailed deer, the mule deer is differentiated by their antler shape and tail size and appearance. Predators include wolves, coyotes, cougars, and bears.
Males grow antlers from April or May until August or September; shed them in late winter and spring. Mating season (rut) in November and December; fawns born late May to early August. Bounding gait, when four feet leave the ground, enables it to move more quickly through shrubs and rock fields.
Summer coat: reddish; winter coat: gray-brown;white rump patch with black-tipped tail; brown patch on forehead; large ears.
4.5-7 feet (1.4-2.1 m)
3.5 feet at the shoulder (1 m).
Male (buck): 150–250 pounds (68-113 kg). Female (doe): 100–175 pounds (45-79 kg).
9-11 years in the wild, but up to 25 years in captivity
Lives in brushy areas, coniferous forests, grasslands.
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