No! Dogs should never, ever eat garlic in any form: raw, cooked, powder, or chopped.
Part of the allium family of plants (like onions), garlic contains an ingredient called thiosulfate, which is very harmful to dogs, causing garlic toxicity. Thiosulfate damages red blood cells which can result in hemolytic anemia. Some of the symptoms of anemia include rapid breathing, lethargy, weakness, dark urine, pale mucous membranes, and jaundice. Symptoms of garlic toxicity include vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration, loss of appetite, and apparent abdominal pain.
If you see any of the signs of garlic toxicity or anemia take your dog to the veterinarian. Garlic toxicity is rarely serious, so there’s a chance your dog will be OK after drinking more water and avoiding the harmful food.
- Garlic Bread: no, do not give your dog garlic bread. Not only does the garlic contain thiosulfate, but the oils, herbs, and butter will almost surely give your dog an upset stomach and lead to diarrhea or vomiting.
- Garlic supplements: there is no conclusive evidence that garlic pills work. Tests are still being done to determine if there are any clear advantages for dogs to take garlic pills. While an occasional garlic pill will unlikely cause any health problems, there is always the real threat of poisoning your dog with garlic toxicity, especially smaller dogs. Why risk your dog’s life for a supplement that isn’t proven to work?
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